Friuli Venezia Giulia: an ancient history

Friuli Venezia Giulia: an ancient history
[Divider mode = “bold” align = “left” width = “100%” text_align = “left”] [/ divider] The unique region of our vineyards and our farm has a very ancient origin and is composed of two geographic regions with different cultural characteristics: Friuli and Venezia Giulia. Within these two macro areas, different peoples have lived together for centuries, still maintaining their languages ​​and traditions. To understand the reasons for this multiculturality, it is necessary to make a leap back in time.

Originally inhabited by the Ligurians, then by Illyrian Venetian people, in 400 BC. C. Friuli was invaded by the Celts. The importance of the region was centered in Aquileia, a Roman colony founded in 181 a. C. and became bishopric. After the total destruction of Aquileia (452) by the Huns, the center moved to Cividale (Forum Iulii), later invaded by the Longobards where it took the name of Civitas Austriae, from which its name today. At the fall of Desire, many Longobards of Friuli, led by Rotgaudo, after trying unnecessarily to rebel, fled to Bavaria.

In the region, organized as a brand, Cividale became a simple county in the Verona brand, which was then annexed by Brass I to the Carinthia brand. While thanks to its strategic position, Udine grew to become a hub for culture and economic traffic. The Venetians, taking advantage of the existing rivalries between Udine and Cividale, occupied the two cities and, at the end of the last Count of Gorizia in the 1500s, united the region into an anti-arabic state, adding to the Gorizia lands.
The Venetian domination gave a strong impetus to the region which was then sold to Austria with the Treaty of Campoformio in 1797. From 1804 to 1815 it was part of the Kingdom of Italy and from the Vienna Congress was assigned to the Austrian Viceroy of Lombardy-Veneto, But he showed his intolerance for the Hapsburg rule during all the Risorgimento through conspiracy and insurrection. The constitution of the Kingdom of Italy strengthened irredentism, not only in Istria but also in Trieste and Gorizia. The industrialization process of Trieste, Monfalcone and Pola, which became a great naval base after 1866, included a strong and well-organized socialist political force in the political struggle, while the international situation caused by the Triple Alliance often made the revolutionary Had its main events in Trieste. These struggles favored a remarkable cultural and social process of creating a national consciousness among the Italians to whom the Austrian Empire sought to counteract. The Italo-Austrian War of 1915 had among its fundamental objectives the annexation of Venice Giulia to Italy. It was mostly fought in the region that was heavily affected by war operations. To the east and west of the Isonzo river the region was the backbone of the conflict for three years and suffered serious damage in the ports and in the valleys of the Soon where Gorizia was almost completely razed to the ground. On Italians suffered the police oppression of Austria and after the Caporetto route in 1917 Friuli suffered the hard test of the invasion and exodus of part of the population.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia reached its present conformation after World War II. On February 10, 1947, at the end of the Second World War, Italy defeated, the Paris Peace Treaty signed with the allied (and associated) winners, losing much of Venice Giulia. Trieste was chosen as the regional capital to give the Giulian city an important administrative role since it had been deprived for too many years. The city, which had also become one of the symbols of Italian nationalism since the end of the nineteenth century, was, however, at the time of the merger being foreign to the historical and geographical region of Friuli.