Friuli Venezia Giulia wine
The cultivated vineyard area in the region is approximately 18,000 hectares, for over 75% in DOC areas.
About 9,000 companies are involved, accounting for more than a third of farms in business. The average surface area of vineyard per farm is about 2 hectares.
A strong factor for Friulian viticulture is the presence of native grape varieties and an important nursery system and, on the environmental side, the spread of environmentally friendly farming practices and the high integration of vineyards.
On the commercial level, regional wine production has a good level of diffusion on many markets, especially European ones, thanks also to the recognition of its DOC and DOCG productions.
Wine production doc / docg friulano
(Source: Chamber of Commerce of Udine,
Pordenone and Gorizia, 2013)
Ronco Margherita has about 40 hectares of vineyards in the area of Manzano, in the DOC Colli Orientali del Friuli area and around 10 hectares in the Province of Pordenone, between Pinzano al Tagliamento and Maniago.
Among the less well-known but rich in unique landscapes and historical wine-growing businesses is the area of the Doc Grave that stretches for about 75 hectares along the Tagliamento River, between the provinces of Pordenone and Udine. The high Friulian plain, close to the pre-Alpine arch, is characterized by a natural landscape of remarkable originality: it is a large area formed by the floods of the Meduna, Cellina and Tagliamento rivers, which over the millennia have deposited huge quantities of calcareous-dolomite material ripped from the mountain by the violence of the waters and dragged down along their bed. The whole plain is formed from rough land in the northern part of the DOC, minus as the rivers continue their course. The mountains, besides giving rise to the Grave soil, protect it from the cold winds coming from the north. This fact, together with the beneficial effect of the Adriatic Sea, has contributed to the creation of a climate particularly suited to the cultivation of vines. There is, however, another reason that makes the Grave suitable for quality production: the ground, which is characterized by a wide surface, exalts the thermal excursion between day and night, thus favoring grapes with a distinct aroma and wines characterized by a great minerality and rich in perfumes.
The Friulian native vines are around 219, but here are some of the most well-known: the Refosco from the Red Peduncle, the Pignolo, the Terrano, the Schioppettino, the Tazzelenghe, the Piccolit, the Ramandolo, the Yellow Ribolla, the Friulano, the Verduzzo . By limiting us instead to the Pinzano al Tagliamento area, the vines still cultivated and preserved here are the Ucelùt, the Scjaglìn, the Forgiarìn or the Piculìt blacks.
Recently, the authors of Lonely Planet gave Friuli venezia-Giulia the 4th place as a wine-growing region in the 2016 edition of Best in Travel, EDT