Spilimbergo

Spilimbergo


Spilimbergo is a town of medieval origin and takes its name from the Carinthian Spengenberg counts, which lived here around the 11th century. The heart of the city is  Corso Roma, which crosses the historic center from east to west, overlooked by historic multicolored buildings. Walking westwards, the western tower dates back to the 14th century and it was the entrance to the Borgo Nuovo, enclosed by the third wall, now disappeared. Going ahead, you will first meet the Palazzo Monaco and then come to Piazza Garibaldi, the ideal center of the city. To the south of the square are the Church of San Giuseppe e Pantaleone, inside which is preserved an ancient wooden choir. Going further, you arrive at the Oriental Tower, which belonged to the second wall. Near the tower you can admire the Painted House, with 16th century frescoes representing Scenes of the Life of Hercules.

Corso Roma ends in Piazza Duomo, delimited to the south by the Cathedral, dating back to the 13th century. Overlooking the square, to the west the Palazzo Daziaro and to the north the Loggia della Macia, whose corner column is still visible the Macia, a measure of length long used in trade.

From the square, through a bridge over the old moat, you enter the Castle, the easternmost building of the city, built on the edge of the Tagliamento River. The first document about Castrum de Spengenberg dates back to 1120. Destroyed by a fire in 1511 was reconstructed according to medieval patterns. To the north of the castle is the Upper Palace, recently restored and now home to the Town Hall. From the courtyard of the palace you can enjoy a magnificent view of Tagliamento Valley. Between the Castle and the Upper Palace, beside the road that goes down to the cliff of the River Tagliamento, is located the Chronicle of the Ancona, a fine bill, open only a few days a year. In the hamlet of Baseglia, north of Spilimbergo is the Church of Santa Croce with an important cycle of frescoes by Pomponio Amalteo.

But Spilimbergo is known mainly as a “mosaic town”: it is the capital of Mosaic art of Friuli Venezia Giulia, with its Mosaicist School of Friuli that is, in its kind, a unique point of reference and experimentation in the world.